WHAT IS THE NATIONAL INSPECTORATE BOARD?
The National Inspectorate Board (NIB) is a newly–created agency of the Ministry of Education mandated by Parliament to provide an independent external evaluation of the quality and standards in basic and second cycle educational institutions in the country on a periodic basis. The NIB was established under the 2008 Education Act (Act 778) and consists of representatives of major education stakeholders, including the Universities of Education, the West African Examinations Council, the Association of Private Schools, the National Teaching Council, the Council for Technical and Vocational Education and Training, and the Religious Bodies (Christian and Muslim). The Executive Secretary of the Board is the Chief Inspector of Schools.
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THE NIB?
The main objective of the NIB is to provide a diagnosis of what a school must do to improve by setting and enforcing standards that must be observed at the basic and second cycle levels in both public and private educational institutions.
WHAT ARE THE FUNCTIONS OF THE BOARD?
The functions of the Board are:
- To undertake the periodic inspection of schools
- To evaluate the quality of teaching and learning in schools
- To set and enforce quality standards that must be observed
HOW WILL THE BOARD PERFORM ITS FUNCTIONS?
The Board shall set up inspection panels that will inspect schools periodically at the discretion of the Board or specifically at the instigation of a credible stakeholder association or organization. The inspection panels will provide an independent external evaluation of the quality, standards, and learning environment in the school by focusing on:
- The quality of leadership and management
- The quality of teaching and learning
- The standard of academic achievement
- The academic, physical, and recreational facilities available
- The system of internal and external examinations
- The values emphasized and taught, including community service by the pupils, students and staff
- The availability of statistical data and information, including tracer studies tracking the achievement and destination of past students.
- The inspection panels will perform their duties within the guidelines of an Inspection Framework and under a strict Code of Conduct. The NIB will also work closely with the SRIMPR directorate of the Ministry of Education (EMIS indicators) and the Ghana Education Service.
HOW WILL THE NIB RELATE TO THE INSPECTORATE DIVISION OF THE GHANA EDUCATION SERVICE?
Under the 2008 Education Act, the management of basic and second cycle schools will be decentralized to the District Assemblies while the GES will be responsible for the co-ordination of approved national policies and programs relating to pre-tertiary education. The directors and supervisors within the regional and district directorates of education shall undertake, in accordance with the directives and guidelines of the NIB, the routine inspection of schools. The role of the Inspectorate Division of the GES will therefore be re-defined in view of the decentralization of education management and the establishment of the National Inspectorate Board. However the regional and district directorates of education, through the existing GES inspection and supervision structures, shall be responsible for conducting formative inspections while the NIB will conduct external summative evaluations.
Unlike the Inspectorate Division of the GES, the NIB shall make a report to Parliament through the Minister for Education on the state of education quality in the country every three years.
WHAT ARE THE INDICATORS OF QUALITY THAT THE BOARD WILL EMPHASIZE?
The quality of learning is closely linked to the quality of the school which, in turn, is determined by the quality of the teachers, what goes on in the classroom, and the overall culture and learning environment of the school. The background and readiness of the learner to learn is also important. The Board will therefore develop quality indicators based on:
- Teacher qualifications and training
- Teacher experience
- Teacher deployment and assignment: are teachers teaching subjects they have been trained to teach?
- ln-service training and continuous professional development
- The Classroom
Is the curriculum appropriate?
Is the pedagogy appropriate?Are teaching and learning materials available and appropriate?
Are class sizes in tune with the expected learning outcomes?
Is there evidence of technology-mediated learning?
Vision, mission and educational goals
Quality of leadership and management
Discipline and motivation of students and staff
Overall academic and social climate
Community involvement and participation
Background academic preparation
Family situation and socio-economic background
Health and disability status
Our mission is to help make schools better at helping students learn. In other words, our mission is:
To ensure that schools are better able to support learners achieve prescribed learning outcomes through quality teaching and effective school leadership by setting and enforcing quality standards that help students learn.
Working to raise education standards by promoting quality teaching, learning and
effective school management
OUR MOTTO – Learning, not just schooling